You"ve probably heard of high school transcripts, but vị you know what information they contain and why they"re so important for applying to college?

This guide will explain what a high school transcript is, what exactly it includes, & why it is often the most important part of your college application.Bạn đang xem: Academic transcript là gì

What Is a High School Transcript?

A high school transcript is basically a record of your academic accomplishments in high school. It lists every class you took, when you took them, và the grade you received in each class, sometimes along with additional information such as standardized test scores & any honors you received. Every person enrolled in high school has a high school transcript, which is regularly updated as courses are completed.Bạn vẫn xem: Academic transcript là gì

There are two versions of your high school transcript: official and unofficial. The two versions will usually look very similar or identical in terms of content, but an official transcript will often have a seal or tamper-proof marks on it or will be inside a sealed envelope. This is so people reading the official transcript can be certain no changes were made khổng lồ it after it was released by the school and that the information it contains is 100% accurate.Bạn đang xem: Official transcript là gì

Official transcripts often have to be sent directly lớn by your high school in order lớn remain official, while a transcript you print or copy yourself will be unofficial. Most colleges require you to lớn submit an official copy of your high school transcript when you apply, but if you just want lớn look at the information your transcript includes for your own personal use, an unofficial copy is fine.Bạn đã xem: Official transcript là gì

Why vày You Need a High School Transcript?

So now you know what a high school transcript is, but why is it so important? High school transcripts are needed for several reasons:

#1: lớn Apply to lớn College

Your high school transcript is probably the most important part of your college application, simply because it contains so much information about you: the classes you took, when you took them, how well you did in them, etc. Colleges will look over your transcript very carefully when you apply, so it"s important lớn understand what they"ll be looking for, which we"ll cover in the next section.

Bạn đang xem: Official transcript là gì

The majority of college applicants are high school seniors, & most of the college application advice out there is aimed at them. But what bởi vì you bởi vì if you don"t fall into this narrow category? Our eBook on how to prepare for và apply lớn college as a nontraditional student will walk you through everything you need khổng lồ know, from the coursework you should have under your belt to lớn how to lớn get letters of recommendation when you"re not a high school senior.


#2: lớn Graduate High School or Transfer lớn a New High School

Before you head off lớn college, you, of course, need to finish high school, and your transcript will be what your high school looks at lớn see if you can graduate. They will look khổng lồ make sure you took enough credits, completed each of the graduation requirements, and passed the necessary classes. If you transfer high schools, your new school will use your transcript to lớn determine the classes you completed và which classes you should enroll in. When changing schools, you will have a transcript from each high school you attended, but your new school will also include information about the classes you took at your previous school, usually marking those classes as transfer credits.

#3: khổng lồ Apply for Jobs

Some jobs require you to submit your high school transcript when you apply so they can look at your grades or make sure you have taken any classes they may require workers to lớn have passed.


What a High School Transcript Includes

Transcripts contain a lot of information, & at first glance it can be difficult to take it all in. This section will explain what a transcript includes, why this information is important, andways for you khổng lồ determine if you"re on track for creating a strong one. The main components of a transcript are:

The Name of Each Course You Took in High School


The Grades You Got in Each Class

Why Is This Important?It shows schools và employers how well you grasped the material in each of your classes & how well you can be expected to bởi vì in future classes. This is very important information to lớn colleges because they want to lớn accept students they feel will succeed in college classes.It allows colleges to lớn compare your grades and GPA lớn other applicants & their school"s average entrance GPA.Colleges often pay special attention to lớn your grades that relate most closely to lớn the subject you plan lớn major in.Class rank shows how well you did academically compared khổng lồ the rest of your graduating class.Questions to lớn Ask Yourself:Is your GPA close khổng lồ the average entrance GPAs of the colleges you"re interested in?If you know what you will major in, bởi vì you have strong grades in the classes that relate to that subject?Actions lớn Take:Find specific colleges’ average entrance GPA on their websites, & see how your current GPA compares.If you want to improve your grades, concentrate particularly closely on the classes that relate most to your future major.

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When You Took Each Class

The classes on your transcript are organized by date, with the classes you took first at the top, và your most recent classes at the bottom. Classes are grouped together by semester/trimester/quarter, depending on your school"s calendar.

Why Is This Important?It allows colleges to lớn see the progression of your courses. Did you move from regular English your freshman year khổng lồ honors English your sophomore year? Did you sign up only for easy classes your senior year? Colleges use that information lớn help determine whether or not you challenged yourself each year of high school.It lets colleges & others see if và how your grades changed over time. Did you stumble a bit at the beginning of high school, but managed to raise your GPA after that? Were there any semesters where your grades were significantly lower than other times?Questions khổng lồ Ask Yourself:Have you been continuously challenging yourself with the classes you take? Does your transcript show this (such as honors or AP classes)?Were there any periods in high school when you got lower grades than usual?Actions lớn Take:Make sure you continue lớn take challenging classes throughout high school, even during senior year, including honors và AP classes if possible.If there was a period of time when your grades dropped, và you have an explanation for it (illness, personal issue, etc.) attach a chú ý to your application describing the situation, and ask your guidance counselor khổng lồ explain the situation in their letter of recommendation as well. Colleges can be very understanding about circumstances like that, especially if they see you made an effort to improve your grades afterward.

Behavior Record

Some transcripts contain information such as the number of absences you have had và any serious disciplinary actions you have faced (such as suspensions, not minor issues lượt thích detention).

Why Is This Important?Colleges and employers want lớn make sure they’re accepting people who are serious about their commitments and will get along well with others. If a student regularly didn’t show up for class or had a serious disciplinary action, they may be hesitant to accept or hire them.Ask Yourself:Is there any evidence of discipline or frequent absences on your transcript?Actions khổng lồ Take:If the above applies khổng lồ you, attach a letter to your application describing the situation and the ways you have worked lớn improve yourself since then. Be sure to lớn avoid repeating the same mistakes.

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Additional Information


What"s Next?

Wondering whether your GPA is good enough to get you into the colleges you want? check out our guide khổng lồ figure out how strong your GPA is.

Unsure of where you want to go to college? Learn how to lớn choose the best college for you!