REPORTED COMMANDS AND REQUESTS IN ENGLISH

     

Reporting orders & requests

When we want to report an order or request, we can use a verb lượt thích "tell" with a to-clause: He told me lớn go away.

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The pattern is verb + indirect object + to-clause. The indirect object is the person spoken to. Other verbs used to lớn report orders & requests in this way are: command, order, warn, ask, advise, invite, beg, teach, và forbid.


ExamplesDirect speechIndirect speech
The doctor said to lớn me, "Stop smoking!".The doctor told me to lớn stop smoking.
"Get out of the car!" said the policeman.The policeman ordered him lớn get out of the car.
"Could you please be quiet," she said.She asked me to be quiet.
The man with the gun said lớn us, "Don"t move!"The man with the gun warned us not to lớn move.

ExamplesDirect speechIndirect speech
"Can I have an apple?", she asked.She asked for an apple.
"Can I have the newspaper, please?"He asked for the newspaper.
"May I have a glass of water?" he said.He asked for a glass of water.
"Sugar, please."She asked for the sugar.
"Could I have three kilos of onions?"He asked for three kilos of onions.

Suggestions

Suggestions are most often reported using the verbs suggest, insist, recommend, demand, request, and propose followed by a that clause. "That" and "should" are optional in these clauses, as shown in the first two examples below. Lưu ý that suggest, recommend, and propose may also be followed by a gerund in order khổng lồ eliminate the indirect object (the receiver of the suggestion) và thus make the suggestion more polite. This usage of the gerund is illustrated in the fourth và fifth examples below.

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ExamplesDirect speechIndirect speech
She said, "Why don"t you get a mechanic lớn look at the car?"She suggested that I should get a mechanic to look at the car. ORShe suggested I should get a mechanic to look at the car. ORShe suggested that I get a mechanic khổng lồ look at the car.ORShe suggested I get a mechanic to lớn look at the car.
"Why don"t you go to the doctor?" he said.He suggested I go khổng lồ the doctor. ORHe suggested that I go to lớn the doctor. ORHe suggested I should go lớn the doctor.ORHe suggested that I should go to lớn the doctor.
"It would be a good idea to see the dentist", said my mother.My mother suggested I see the dentist.
The dentist said, "I think you should use a different toothbrush".The dentist recommended using a different toothbrush.
You said, "I don"t think you have time khổng lồ see the dentist this week."You suggested postponing my visit to lớn the dentist.
I said, "I don"t think you should see the dentist this week."I suggested postponing your visit to lớn the dentist.
My manager said, "I think we should examine the budget cartubepphuonghai.comully at this meeting."My manager proposed that we examine the budget cartubepphuonghai.comully at the meeting.
"Why don"t you sleep overnight at my house?" she said.She suggested that I sleep overnight at her house.

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