Bài tập reported speech with gerund

     

Khi hầu hết câu phạt biểu/ trách nhiệm được tường thuật với những động tự sau, ta áp dụng to-V0 kèm theo:

a/. V + to-V0

agree

decide

demand

determine

expect

guarantee

hope

offer

promise

refuse

say

want

wish

propose Ex: - “OK. I’ll give you a lift”, said John.

Bạn đang xem: Bài tập reported speech with gerund

→ John agreed to lớn give me a lift.

b/. V + O + to-V0

advise

allow

ask

beg

command

encourage

expect

help

invite

instruct

order

permit

persuade

remind

request

require

tell

urge

want

warn Ex: - “Don’t forget lớn send Mark a birthday card, Kate”, I said.

→ I reminded Kate khổng lồ send Mark a birthday card.

II/. Gerund

Khi hồ hết câu tuyên bố được trần thuật với những động từ sau, ta thực hiện V-ing kèm theo

a/. V + V-ing

admit

deny

propose (dự định)

request

stop

suggest

try Ex: - “I didn’t take your money”, said Jimmy.

→ Jimmy denied taking my money.

b/. V + prep. + V-ing

apologize ( to + S.O) for

approve of

confess to

dream of

insist on

look forward to

think of

Ex: - “I’ll definitely buy this house”, said Peter.

→ Peter insisted on buying that house.

c/. V + S.O + prep. + V-ing

accuse S.O of

blame S.O for

congratulate S.O on

prevent/ stop S.O from

thank S.O for

warn S.O against

criticize S.O for (not)

Ex: - “Well done, Jane. You’ve passed the exam”.

→ I congratulated Jane on passing the exam.

 

EXERCISE

II. Report the following sentences

Using THANK

“It was nice of you lớn help me .Thank you very much” Tom said to me

Tom thanked me for helping him

“Thank you for telling


CHUYÊN ĐỀ REPORTED SPEECH WITH

TO-INFINITIVES và GERUNDS

I/. To-infinitive

Khi đầy đủ câu vạc biểu/ bổn phận được trần thuật với những động tự sau, ta thực hiện to-V0 kèm theo:

a/. V + to-V0

agree

decide

demand

determine

expect

guarantee

hope

offer

promise

refuse

say

want

wish

propose Ex: - “OK. I’ll give you a lift”, said John.

→ John agreed lớn give me a lift.

b/. V + O + to-V0

advise

allow

ask

beg

command

encourage

expect

help

invite

instruct

order

permit

persuade

remind

request

require

tell

urge

want

warn Ex: - “Don’t forget lớn send Mark a birthday card, Kate”, I said.

→ I reminded Kate to lớn send Mark a birthday card.

II/. Gerund

Khi đều câu tuyên bố được tường thuật với các động từ bỏ sau, ta thực hiện V-ing kèm theo

a/. V + V-ing

admit

deny

propose (dự định)

request

stop

suggest

try Ex: - “I didn’t take your money”, said Jimmy.

→ Jimmy denied taking my money.

b/. V + prep. + V-ing

apologize ( khổng lồ + S.O) for

approve of

confess to

dream of

insist on

look forward to

think of

Ex: - “I’ll definitely buy this house”, said Peter.

→ Peter insisted on buying that house.

c/. V + S.O + prep. + V-ing

accuse S.O of

blame S.O for

congratulate S.O on

prevent/ stop S.O from

thank S.O for

warn S.O against

criticize S.O for (not)

Ex: - “Well done, Jane. You’ve passed the exam”.

→ I congratulated Jane on passing the exam.

EXERCISE

II. Report the following sentences

Using THANK

“It was nice of you to lớn help me .Thank you very much” Tom said lớn me

Tom thanked me for helping him

“Thank you for telling me the news” Jimmy said lớn me

……………………………………………………………………….

“You are very kind lớn send me flowers” Linda said khổng lồ tom

……………………………………………………………………….

“ It was very kind of you to give me a hitchhike” The man said to us

……………………………………………………………………….

“It was nice of you to bởi vì me a favour” He said to lớn me

……………………………………………………………………….

“You were so nice khổng lồ help me with my homework” The boy said lớn the man

……………………………………………………………………….

Using CONGRATULATE

1. I hear you passed the exams. Congratulation! John said lớn us

John congratulated us on passing the exams

“ Congratulate! You ‘ve won” He said to lớn me

……………………………………………………………………….

“Very good, Tom. You’ve got the job” I said to lớn him

……………………………………………………………………….

“ Congratulations! You are now the champion” She said lớn him

……………………………………………………………………….

“You’ve won the scholarship. Congratulations!” The teacher said lớn me

……………………………………………………………………….

Using DENY

1. Oh no, I didn’t bởi vì that.

The boy denied doing that

2. You didn’t pay attention lớn what I said.

The teacher accused the boy…………………………………….………….

No, I didn’t break the vase

……………………………………………………………………….

Never, I have never seen him

……………………………………………………………………….

No, no I didn’t tell him the secret

……………………………………………………………………….

No, I was not there yesterday

……………………………………………………………………….

Using SUGGEST

1. “What about having a party?”

 She suggested having a party

1. “What about going out tonight?”Mary said

……………………………………………………………………….

2. “What about buying a new TV?” My mother said

……………………………………………………………………….

3. “What about stopping for a break?” My colleague

……………………………………………………………………….

4. “What about hiring a car?” My sister said

……………………………………………………………………….

5. I must meet the manager now”The customer

……………………………………………………………………….

Using APOLOGISE

I’m sorry I didn’t phone you earlier” Mary said

Mary apologised to me for not phoning me earlier

“I’m sorry I didn’t attend your tiệc ngọt “

……………………………………………………………………….

“ We’re really for saying so”

……………………………………………………………………….

“I’m sorry I couldn’t help you”

……………………………………………………………………….

“ I’m sorry I didn’t send you a letter”

……………………………………………………………………….

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“I’m sorry I broke the window”

……………………………………………………………………….

Using INSIST

“I’lldrive you to the station, I insist” Peter lớn Linda

Peter insisted on driving Linda khổng lồ the station

……………………………………………………………………….

“I must want take the exam” Peter said

……………………………………………………………………….

“We must move to lớn the countryside:” My parents said

……………………………………………………………………….

“I really want to lớn visit Finland this summer” She

……………………………………………………………………….

III. Rewrite the following sentences in reported speech with Gerund

“Why don’t you organize an English competition for our student?” said Ms Lien.

Ms Lien suggested …………………………….......................................................

“I’m sorry I’m late,’ said Mr Thanh.

Mr Thanh apologized ...……………………............................................................

“Me? No, I didn’t take Sue’s calculator,” Said Bob.

Bob denied ……………………………...................................................................

“You were cheating,” said David khổng lồ Henry.

David accused ……………………………..............................................................

“ I must see the manager,” he cried.

He insisted ……………………………....................................................................

“If you wanted to take my bike, you should have asked me first,” said Mike to lớn his brother.

Mike criticized …………………………….............................................................

“ You won the scholarship. Congratulation,” Mary told me.

Mary congratulated .……………………….............................................................

“It was kind of you lớn help me with my homework,” Lan said lớn Hoa.

Lan thanked ……………………………..................................................................

“Shall we walk there? It’s not far,” he said.

He proposed ..............................................................................................................

“Turn off the computer. You are not allowed khổng lồ play trò chơi now,” Dick’s mother said to him.

Dick’s mother prevented ...……………..................................................................

“I’m sorry that I broke the glass,” said Peter.

Peter appologized ………………………….........................................................

“Let’s invite Mr. Brown khổng lồ the các buổi tiệc nhỏ next weekend,” he said.

He suggested ……………………………..............................................................

“You stole the jewels,” the inspector said to lớn him.

The inspector accused him ……………………......................................................

“I only borrowed your oto for some hours,” the man said.

The man admitted …………………………….......................................................

“I’m sorry I damaged your tape recorder, Mike,” Said Bob.

Bob apologized ………………………………….........................................................

I/. Complete the sentences to lớn report what was said, using a to-V0 or V- ing.

“You"d better look for a new job, Andrew.”

Jane advised........................................................................................................................

“It was nice of you to lớn invite me to lớn your birthday party. Thanks very much.”

Mike thanked.....................................................................................................................

“I must have made a mistake in the calculations.”

Mr. Forest admitted...........................................................................................................

“I"ll pay for the meal.”

Sarah insisted....................................................................................................................

“Perhaps we can go lớn Paris for the weekend.”

Neil suggested.....................................................................................................................

“I can get you there in good time.”

Jim guaranteed.................................................................................................................

“I"m sorry I couldn"t come to visit you last summer.”

Kate apologized...............................................................................................................

“We"ll organize the Christmas party.”

They promised................................................................................................................

“I hear you won the championship. Congratulations!”

Dane congratulated..................................................................................................

“I wish I"d asked for his name and address.”

I regretted..................................................................................................................

“You"re selfish.”

Jane accused.........................................................................................................

“All right. We will meet the student representatives.”

The teachers agreed............................................................................................................

“You mustn"t drink too much caffeine.”

Marta warned............................................................................................................

“If all goes to lớn plan, I"ll study medicine.”

Rachel hoped............................................................................................................

“We should take the jumper back to the shop.”

Jack recommended.................................................................................................

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II/. Report these sentences. Using SUGGEST

1. “Why don’t we go to the cinema?” My boyfriend

.............................................................................................................................................